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Tuesday, 21 February 2017
Trivia Answers (Grab Points Quiz #472)
1.Known as the founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale became prominent while serving during which conflict ?
TheCrimean Warwas a military conflict fought from October 1853 to March 1856 in which theRussian Empirelost to an alliance ofFrance,Britain, theOttoman Empire, andSardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in theHoly Land, which was a part of the Ottoman Empire. The French promoted the rights of Roman Catholics, while Russia promoted those of theEastern Orthodox Church. The longer-term causes involved thedecline of the Ottoman Empireand the unwillingness of Britain and France to allow Russia to gain territory and power at Ottoman expense. It has widely been noted that the causes, in one case involving an argument over a key, have never revealed a "greater confusion of purpose", yet led to a war noted for its "notoriously incompetent international butchery." While the churches eventually worked out their differences and came to an agreement,Nicholas I of Russiaand the French EmperorNapoleon IIIrefused to back down. Nicholas issued an ultimatum that the Orthodox subjects of the Empire be placed under his protection. Britain attempted to mediate and arranged a compromise that Nicholas agreed to. When the Ottomans demanded changes, Nicholas refused and prepared for war. Having obtained promises of support from France and Britain, the Ottomans declared war on Russia in October 1853. The war started in theBalkans, when Russian troops occupied theDanubian Principalities, until then under Ottomansuzeraintyand now part of modernRomania, and began to cross theDanube. Led byOmar Pasha, the Ottomans fought a strong defensive campaign and stopped the advance atSilistra. A separate action on the fort town ofKarsin eastern Anatolia led to a siege, and a Turkish attempt to reinforce the garrison was destroyed by a Russian fleet atSinop. Fearing an Ottoman collapse, France and Britain rushed forces toGallipoli. They then moved north toVarnain June, arriving just in time for the Russians to abandon Silistra. Aside from a minor skirmish atKöstence(today Constanța), there was little for the allies to do.Karl Marxquipped that "there they are, the French doing nothing and the British helping them as fast as possible".
2.Henry VII belonged to which royal house ?
TheHouse of Tudorwas aroyal houseofWelshandEnglishorigin,descended in the male line from theTudors of Penmynydd. Tudor monarchs ruled theKingdom of Englandand its realms, including their ancestralWales and theLordship of Ireland(later theKingdom of Ireland) from 1485 until 1603, with five monarchs in that period. The Tudors succeeded theHouse of Plantaganetas rulers of the Kingdom of England, and were succeeded by theHouse of Stuart. The first monarch,Henry VII, descended through his mother from a legitimised branch of the English royalHouse of Lancaster. TheTudor familyrose to power in the wake of theWars of the Roses, which left the House of Lancaster, to which the Tudors were aligned, extinct. Henry Tudor was able to establish himself as a candidate not only for traditional Lancastrian supporters, but also for the discontented supporters of their rivalHouse of York, and he rose to capture the throne in battle, becomingKing Henry VII. His victory was reinforced by his marriage toElizabeth of York, daughter ofKing Edward IV, symbolically uniting the former warring factions under a new dynasty. The Tudors extended their power beyondmodern England, achieving the full union of England and thePrincipality of Walesin 1542 (Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542), and successfully asserting English authority over theKingdom of Ireland. They also maintained the nominal English claim to theKingdom of France; although none of them made substance of it, Henry VIII fought wars with France trying to reclaim that title. After him, his daughterMary Ilost control of all territory in France permanently with thefall of Calaisin 1558. In total, five Tudor monarchs ruled their domains for just over a century.Henry VIIIwas the only male-line male heir of Henry VII to live to the age of maturity. Issues around the royal succession (including marriage and the succession rights of women) became major political themes during the Tudor era. The House of Stuart came to power in 1603 when the Tudor line failed, asElizabeth Idied without a legitimate heir.
3. Considered a heroine of France, how is Joan of Arc also known?
The Maid of Orleans(opera), an 1881 an opera by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky based on Schiller's play. "Maid of Orleans(The Waltz Joan of Arc)", a 1982 single by Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (OMD), sequel to their earlier single "Joan of Arc". According to historians,Joan of Arcwas 19 when she was burnt at the stake in Rouen by the English on 30 May, 1431. Shediedof smoke inhalation. The Cardinal of Winchester is recorded as having ordered her to be burnt a second time. Joan of Arc, a devout saint of God, wasburnedat the stake in May of 1431 on charges of heresy. After a long trial that lasted over a year, three major indictments were made against her. The first of these was that she used magic because she claimed to hear voices from St. Michael, St. Margaret, and St. Catherine. Joan of Arc(Jehanne Darc) was important to the history of France because she was a tremendous help in the Hundred Years War.Joan of Arcwas born a peasant girl in Domremy, France on January 6, 1412. She worked on a farm with her family. Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d'Arc, IPA: [ʒan daʁk]; 6 January c. 1412 – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (French: La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine ofFrancefor her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
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